/Students and Pupils Experiences with the Covid-19 Pandemic – PoliTeknik

Students and Pupils Experiences with the Covid-19 Pandemic – PoliTeknik


The world has faced an abundance of new challenges during the CoVID-19 pandemic; we have seen a great impact on health, economy and education. This questionnaire is a small initiative taken up by PoliTeknik to reach pupils in order to understand the diffi culties they faced during this global crisis. There has been a sudden shift from traditional classrooms to digital learning and an increased requirement of digital resources.

Teachers, and students hardships are infl ated. This questionnaire would help us better understand your situation and would play a crucial role in helping us to extrapolate our data to a larger group of students.

Link to the qustionnaire in different languages:
•https://forms.gle/mnmL7FPDD7Sk88LQA (English)
•https://forms.gle/Nz38JpbyuPteXsKV7 (Spanish)
•https://forms.gle/TrytWzo9bjHVqcf19 (Portuguese)
•https://forms.gle/ApaHBc2bjmdNr2gQ6 (Turkish)
•https://forms.gle/EKtW8a4TCRzccPML9 (Macedonian)

The questionnaire includes a large variety of multiple choice questions. We will use data collected from these to publish results, establish common themes and present general analysis of the effect of CoVID-19 on students in our upcoming issues.

We would like to thank our partners, and students across the world, who took time to share and respond to our survey. As more responses come in, we would be able to present concrete themes that have become everyday facets of education during the pandemic. This would help researchers and scholars initiate specific local studies which would, in turn, help them come up with novel solutions to deal with issues that have plagued education during this time.

Tamralipta Patra & Akash Yadav – PoliTeknik International

Contributors:                                 Translators:
Prof. Alexandre da Silva                Maria Luisa Meira (Portuguese)
Prof. Raquel Melo                           Can Aydın (Turkish)
Susanne Jacobsen Perez              Alhassane FATY (French)
Aysel Turaclı                                   Adela Gjorgjioska (Macedonian)


How has the pandemic changed your school activities?

Aysel T., UK (Grade 12): Pandemic has signifi cantly aff ected my school activities. All of my friends live far away from me and now with the current guidelines, restrictions and travel bans, I am unable to meet with them.

Gaurisa Y., India (Grade 10): Earlier there was a regular assembly time during which all students gathered, but now due to pandemic, no morning assembly is conducted. No curriculum activities are conducted in school during this period.

Nguyen P. H., Vietnam (University student): I am able to learn normally during the school closure.

Florah, Uganda (University student): I missed my school year.

Tayebwa J., Uganda (University student): Pandemic has crippled the entire education system to the extent that I have spent 1 year and 5month studying a single semester which is supposed to take 4months.

Mary, Kenya (Primary school teacher): During the pandemic no one was paid, at the moment the school has fi nancial problem.

Lakheni N., South Africa (Grade 12): There is a limited amount of students that are allowed in school.

Anonymous, Turkey (Grade 10): There were a lot of problems both about the internet and financially. If we are doing this survey, let me write my opinion. I think we should have started from whatever class we are in before the virus came out. As students, I don’t know about others, but my peers and friends around me were all talking about not understanding much. I think we should have taken a break from classes during the pandemic period, then it was more logical to continue from where we were when the pandemic ended. Thanks…

Recep D., Turkey (Grade 8): There was some diffi culty only in matters that could be better understood in person, but it did not aff ect much.

Mehmet, Sweden (Grade 11): It’s really hard to stay home instead of going to school. It significantly aff ects the level of education you get.

Digna, Ecuador (University student): I can’t pay much attention, because of what happened to my daughter.

Fernanda Michelle A. V., Ecuador (University student): The truth is that the internet is not functioning well and classes are cut and subjects such as mathematics are more complicated to understand since there is no blackboard or if there is, it is difficult to see because of the internet.

David V., Ecuador (University student): Lack of necessary tools to carry out my tasks and learning diffi culties.

Daniela, Perú (University student): The complete change and cancellation of face-to-face classes and therefore cancellation of practices in hospitals, too, increased the limitation of the teaching-learning process due to the defi ciency of access to the internet.

Dharly Medhaly P. C., Perú (Superior): Diffi culty in the issue of connectivity, as the internet is very slow and I have to recharge my cell phone every week.

Anonymous, Madagascar (3ème année student): Nothing new, knowing that half of the lessons are not face-to-face.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): This has developed a new system of teaching, learning and research.

Please elaborate on how the digital/online learning has an impact on your learning and overall development.

Aysel, UK: Digital/online learning has had a negative impact on my learning and development. Learning online is nothing like learning in person. It is a lot harder for teachers to utilize technology as it is all happening so fast.

Abaho Badru, Uganda (University student): You lack face to face interactions with the lecturer.

Dakshita, India (Grade 9): 9th grade is the base for 10th grade and the topics are not clear to us; if we don’t know the topics of 9th then how would we do the topics of 10th.

Mary, Kenya: It has lagged me behind now I can’t fi nish my course in time.

Lakheni N., South Africa: The lack of contact with teachers made it diffi cult to grasp content.

Recep D., Turkey: Since I have more time at home, my study time and naturally the amount of studying has also increased. So we can say it’s a good development.

Asya A., Turkey (Grade 8): Since the lessons are digital, people have more difficulty understanding, I have to work alone at home, and there is no suitable environment for me to work at home.

Nihal, Turkey (Grade 9): I did not understand much online, I couldn’t complete the notebooks.

Emel U., Cyprus (Grade 12): I think it has both advantages and disadvantages, but for me, digital education has more advantages. My school was always inadequate socially and academically, and I was completing my education at home by myself. At the same time, I do not want to be in places that I could not get along with and dislike because of my psychological disorders, but I am aware that it is healthier for me to be in the same environment with my peers.

Mehmet, Sweden: The learning process is badly aff ected, focusing on online lessons at home is difficult due to distractions.

Has excess use of tablets/cell phones/laptops had any physical/psychological effect on your overall well-being?

Aysel, UK: I stare at a screen form at least 5 hours every day which is extremely unhealthy. About the psychological eff ects, I am not quite sure; I have not dwelled on it too much.

Gaurisa Y., India: Due to online classes, I spend more time on phone and laptop. This resulted in negative impact on eyes and now I have to wear prescription glasses.

Florah, Uganda: It affects my eyes too much. Most especially to us who are myopic. I get no time for myself.

Mary, Kenya: Having no money at times, I feel stressed since the class maybe going on and I’ve not attended.

Lakheni N., South Africa: Since all the information was available online, it made me lack creativity and mindfulness.

Anonymous, Deutschland (Grade 2): Headache

Asya A., Turkey: I don’t know but most of the day my head and back hurts.

Anonymous, Turkey: My eyesight got worse but I am okay now.

Emel U., Cyprus: houlder ache

Mehmet, Sweden: Sometimes my eyes hurt.

Digna, Ecuador: That I have problems with my eyesight. It hurts a lot; I cannot be in front of the computer. It is a strange despair.

Mirian S., Ecuador: Partly yes, because it helps us to be more informed about what the world is going through.

Cristina M., Ecuador (University student): Blindness, headaches until getting used to it. More time on the cell phone, a cybernetic vice.

Franssua P., Perú: Currently my eyes are treated due to an ocular deterioration. And insomnia; before my mind cleared from the university when I left it, and my house was my place of rest, of freedom, of feeling calm; now my house is my university and I cannot fi nd a place of clearing my mind. This is why I always feel rushed, with my mind very accelerated.

Dharly C., Perú: The eyes are the fi rst aff ected, due to me spending hours with the cell phone listening to classes and doing virtual work. I was frustrated about the amount of work given by teachers and the lack of communication that we could have despite the distance and we could not consult doubts.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): My eyes are often tired. It reduced my social life

Mirian S., Ecuador (University student): In parts it is positive because those of us who have children can spend more time with them. The downside is that we can’t understand the tasks and the classes well.

Fernanda V., Ecuador: The impact is negative since some fellow students not even enter classes because they do not understand or simply do not have the necessary resources.

Stefany, Ecuador (University student): We have not worked in this way before, but we must continue fighting for our health, education and well-being as people and students.

Daniela, Perú: As my study program involves purely practical care and we are only developing theory, I experience a gap in the activities that were normally applied, which can affect long term.

Franssua Felix Q. P., Perú (University student): Digital education is better, but the study methods used by teachers are not in accordance with the situation. The classes are just as tiring and long as the face-to-face clases wer, and the methodology is the same. To digitalize the classes is an important step, since everything is more accessible, but if they were short or fast, we would get more free time to make up for those long hours locked in 4 walls.

Anonymous, Madagascar (3ème année student): I don’t see much.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): We are in the digital age and online learning has allowed us to initiate ourselves into it.

How do you think your friends are handling the pandemic?

Aysel, UK: I know that my friends are feeling as lonely, isolated and bored as much as I do.

Gaurisa Y., India: My friends were fed up with the online classes due to network issues etc. They wanted that schools should be reopened.

Tayebwa J., Uganda: It is not easy on their side, since they no longer have a good living. This has been due to closure of schools, parents businesses like restaurants and many others.

Mary, Kenya: Some are involved in small businesses that they are doing.

Lakheni N., South Africa: Most of my friends saw this as an opportunity for leisure.

Anonymous, Deutschland: Same. Getting bored.

Asya A., Turkey: They usually study, but they probably have concerns about their future as well.

Nihal, Turkey: I don’t think most of them can handle.

Mehmet, Sweden: I can say that my friends were aff ected by the pandemic process as much as I did. In general, everyone naturally had a problem of focus. But I cannot say that the pandemic aff ects any of us psychologically / physically.

Gissela Jamileth P. P., Ecuador (University student): Well I think my friends are coping with the pandemic by staying home and taking care of themselves.

Fernanda V., Ecuador: The truth is bad, because without a good education you don’t learn anything.

Yulissa De L. C., Ecuador (University student): Bravely together with their families trying to survive against the tremendous situation that we have in the country.

Daniela, Perú: With stress, fatigue and worry about not knowing what will happen to us in the future.

Franssua P., Perú: Peru: Like me. It is diffi cult. At fi rst it was not, but now you feel the consequences of the teachers’ failure to establish a new virtual methodology.

Anonymous, Madagascar (3ème année student): My friends (and me included) are very introverted types so we handle it pretty well.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): Considering the moderate impact of the pandemic, it hasn’t changed much in their lives.

How have your outdoor activities (cycling, running, skateboarding etc.) changed during the pandemic?

Aysel, UK: There has been a signifi cant decrease in my outdoor activities. I make less eff ort to go outside now; before lockdown, school would have been my excuse to go out but now I don’t have an excuse.

Tayebwa J., Uganda: I find more time like never before to jog and play some soccer.

Dakshita, India: During the starting 2 – 3 months I couldn’t even go out from my home but after some time I started doing cycling with my friends. Before the pandemic, I was not even able to go cycling because of my busy schedule which started with school, then tuition, then study, sleep and repeat.

Lakheni N., South Africa: Although it was lockdown, we still went to the gym.

Anonymous, Deutschland: Everyone stays at home.

Asya A., Turkey: I only go out twice a week I hardly ever go out.

Nihal, Turkey: It did not change.

Mehmet, Sweden: I only ski as an outdoor activity. This year I was deprived of this activity due to the low snow level for a period of time; when it snowed, the weather was really cold, this again deprived me of skiing. But in general, these have nothing to do with the pandemic.

Marjorie, Ecuador (University student): Well, during this pandemic I haven’t been out doing any physical activity… I used to do it before but not now.

Yulissa De L. C., Ecuador: There is not much time. Most of my time is dedicated to university and home responsibilities.

Nayeli, Ecuador (University student): Being in close contact with people who do not live with you increases your risk of exposure to someone infected with the virus that causes CoVID-19.

Daniela, Peru: Total cancellation of going out since the national lockdown began.

Dharly C., Peru: I do not do any outdoor activities due to fear of being infected or that it can infect my family. I prefer to mainly avoid it.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): Everyone took advantage of the free time to get some fresh air.

How have your outdoor social activities (socialising with friends, grandparents, visiting parks and malls with friends) changed during the pandemic?

Gaurisa Y., India: Since the pandemic started, we were at home for 4-5 months. No outdoor social activities were there.

Tayebwa J., Uganda: People went in panic especially concerned for our grandparents whose healthy is always weak. To avoid unnecessary spread of the disease we are advised to remain in our homes.

Mary, Kenya: We have no money to pay for the activities, pandemic destroyed all our plans.

Lakheni N., South Africa: Still had access to see my grandmother.

Anonymous, Deutschland: We are afraid of coronavirus so we dont go out.

Asya A., Turkey: Since it is a pandemic, I can neither hug my grandmother and grandfather, nor can I go and visit them out of fear, same for my friends too.

Maher, Turkey (Grade 7): My social activities have decreased.

Mehmet, Sweden: There is nothing preventing me from seeing my relatives online. I can arrange time with my friends and travel as I want.

Daniela, Peru: We avoid face-to-face meetings but we communicate daily with each othery by calls.

Dharly Cumpa, Peru: It is diminished, since we have to take care of my grandfather and for the same reason we have to take care of ourselves in order to take care of him.

Marjorie, Ecuador: At the beginning of the pandemic, no one saw anyone to avoid having contact, but after all the time that has passed we have started to see each other again but with due security (mask and alcohol).

Wilber B., Ecuador (University student): Because I have always lived with my parents and my grandparents and I hardly ever leave the house.

Nayeli, Ecuador: Public health restrictions caused by the pandemic of COVID-19 have led to the cancellation of festivals, concerts, and other events.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): It didn’t really have an impact because social life continued in my country

What do you think about the rules of conduct like wearing masks and social distancing?

Aysel, UK: I think it is completely a smart thing to inform people about but the people need to respect and strictly follow these rules and only then will it be beneficial. They mustn’t disregard it for things like ‘comfort’ etc.; however, of course there are exempts who cannot wear a mask due to medical reasons but can always still socially distance.

Gaurisa Y., India: People in my area believe that rules are meant to be broken. Only a few sensible people follow the pandemic rules.

Abaho Badru, Uganda: They’ve much helped in preventing spread of CoVID- 19.

Abaho B., Uganda: They are helping us and we should continue putting them on as number one priority.

Lakheni N., South Africa: Rules of conduct helped mitigate increase in the number of CoVID infections, especially in public schools.

Anonymous, Deutschland: Very important.

Asya A., Turkey: I think I comply with what should happen, but I also think that this is not enough. I think the measures should be tightened even more.

Recep D., Turkey: This is a requirement. No matter what we think, we have to fulfill.

Emel U., Cyprus: I think the most accurate one is the rules and recommendations of the World Health Organization so I follow all of them.

Mehmet, Sweden: Of course, these rules are important to prevent the virus from spreading, but where I live there are not many such rules in the country, but those who want to follow the social distance rules and wear masks. But there is no such restriction in general, the restriction in the society in order to slow the virus was only those who are sick or symptomatic should stay home.

Ceyda, Sweden: It’s a good thing.

Daniela, Peru: It is a measure to prevent the spread of the virus. Strictly complying with it will help to ensure that fewer people become infected and / or die.

Luiggie, Peru (University student): That it is eff ective, but there should be raised even more awareness in the population about the importance of its use.

Nayeli, Ecuador: Masks help stop the transmission of the COVID-19 virus, but, as many parents have found out, it does not mean that it is easy to get children used to using them.

José Gustavo A. C., Ecuador (University student): The use of masks is very necessary to protect from this pandemic and alcohol is to disinfect in order to not spread the virus.

David V., Ecuador: I think that with the help of masks we could end the virus, but unfortunately there are people who do not comply with the provisions.

Anonymous, Madagascar (3ème année student): Social distancing hasn’t changed the way I behave knowing that I don’t like human contact. As for the other rules of conduct, they did not bother me.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): Not so effi cient as a means to struggle.

How do you think your teachers are handling the pandemic?

Aysel, UK: I know that teachers are trying their best; however, it can be extremely difficult for them to fully utilize technology in the most helpful way possible.

Dakshita, India: I have no idea about it. It may be also very diffi cult for teachers as well especially those who don’t know much about using technology.

Florah, Uganda: They are poor and suffering.

Tayebwa J., Uganda: It’s not simple since their work was put on halt due to closure of schools. And they no longer earn a penny some had to change to other casual labor like brick laying etc.

Mary, Kenya: The teachers are trying their best to make sure we’re being taught.

Lakheni N., South Africa: Teaching style hardly changes. Teachers felt unsettled during class time [owing to the addition of technology and the raging pandemic]

Anonymous, Deutschland: The teachers are good. The ministry is bad. They make decisions, give nothing to teachers, tablets or time.

Anonymous, Deutschland: The teachers are good. The ministry is bad. They make decisions, give nothing to teachers, tablets or time.

Anonymous, Turkey: I don’t know, I am responsible for myself. It doesn’t interest me how they cope with it.

Dilara, Turkey (Grade 7): Teachers follow the mask distance and health rules.

Mehmet, Sweden: I think online education has also been bad for teachers, the teacher may have to explain the same thing several times because students are not fully focused. Therefore there may be a boredom with the teacher.

Ceyda, Sweden: Sometimes good, sometimes bad.

David V., Ecuador: They help us as much as they can and we likewise appreciate that they are doing their best for our learning.

Nayeli, Ecuador: Teachers and professors protrude with their daily and invidualized monitoring that they carry out with their students through the different channels, such as email, conference calls,and tools from Google Classroom.

Wilber B., Ecuador: I cannot say it on his behalf, but he always advises us to practice social distancing and the use of masks.

Franssua P., Peru: Like us; surely they are still looking for how to take the weight of long and tiring classes from us.

Luiggie, Peru: Stressed, but they do what they can by adapting to the available technologies.

Anonymous, Madagascar (3ème année student): Not bad. They did their best to make up for school hours before the exams but it was rather difficult.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): they had to adapt themselves.

Do you have any friends or teachers who had to leave the school because of their financial situation?

Abaho B., Uganda: Since their parents and guardians couldn’t raise tuition fees, some had to leave school.

Tayebwa J., Uganda: Due to closure of schools my friend Julian (3rd year university student) got married. This was due to overstay at home and the economic implications.

Gaurisa Y., India: This situation didn’t happen with my friends or teachers.

Mary, Kenya: [Teachers] weren’t paid for the nine months when they were at home.

Anonymous, Deutschland: We go to school compulsory.

Anonymous, Turkey: I thought about dropping off , but my mom talked me out of it.

Emel U., Cyprus: Yes

Mehmet, Sweden: No, we do not pay tuition to the school as students. The economy of the country has not been aff ected as much as other countries since there are not many restrictions, so I think teachers can also get their salaries properly.

Ceyda, Sweden: No idea.

Franssua P., Peru: Many; they force us to stay at home and not work, but only us, while large companies continue to charge; banks, universities have no mercy on it.

Dharly C., Peru: Due to the lack of money to recharge the cell phone and lack of pc to carry out the tasks.

Fernanda V., Ecuador: My friend had to stop studying because she could not pay for the internet and since she does not have a computer it got even more complicated for her.

Erika, Ecuador (University student): Yes, because they do not have internet or devices with which to connect.

David V., Ecuador: A friend missed the semester because he did not have the means to continue studying online.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): they had to choose between school or job.

Which subjects/contents do you think are more challenging in the time of distanced learning in the pandemic?

Aysel, UK: Chemistry or sciences in general are a bit more challenging as there is a lot of content to memorize learn and understand as well as huge amounts of application required.

Gaurisa Y., India: Maths and science, because teachers couldn’t explain it using practical experiments.

Florah, Uganda: Mathematics, it is hard when not fully discussed with teachers and friends.

Tayebwa J., Uganda: Computer, biology experiments, art, engineering, economics, architecture.

Mary, Kenya: Sign language, it’s hard to learn sign language online because sign language is a practical lesson, it needs enough sunlight, space and time.

Dakshita, India: Science (especially physics and chemistry), History, Maths. They need live interaction and the videos were in English which I can’t understand clearly. Though in class they teach in English but teachers use some words/phrases in Hindi (my mother tongue) which helps us.

Lakheni N., South Africa: Mathematics.

Anonymous, Deutschland: All of them.

Recep D., Turkey: I think history is hard to learn online, I dont fi nd other subjects challenging.

Duru, Turkey (Grade 6): I don’t understand math very well.

Emel U., Cyprus: Non-verbal subjects such as mathematics and the ones that needed to be a more active listener.

Mehmet, Sweden: I think Physics and Chemistry are the most diffi cult lessons to understand during distanced education.I think these both courses are courses that really require special attention. I mean the student understands these subjects by practicing at school in the best way, it is very difficult to understand the subject with the help of a slide in distanced education.

Ceyda, Sweden: Math is very challenging.

Franssua P., Peru: Architecture courses that demand to have a very expensive PC that only universities have.

Daniela, Peru: Practices in hospitals.

Dharly C., Peru: Pre-professional practices.

Cristina M., Ecuador: Subjects that need theory and more practice (as the practice part cannot be developed).

Wilson, Ecuador (University student): I cannot answer technically but I can only contribute that the practice makes the professional.

Lizbeth, Ecuador (University student): Mathematics and English.

Anonymous, Madagascar (3ème année student): I have nothing to say about that.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): No idea about that.

What are the challenges of online classes faced by you (or students with special needs you know)? How has your school addressed these challenges?

Aysel, UK: Students with special needs have permission to go into school so that staff can give them the extra help they need.

Mary, Kenya: The special needs students are facing challenges since majority have limited knowledge on online classes.

Lakheni N., South Africa: Diffi culty in grasping content. Teachers made no efforts to hear our concerns.

Anonymous, Deutschland: One of the students dont have a computer. He uses a cellphone.

Anonymous, Turkey: Unfortunately I dont know.

Recep D., Turkey: There were problems with the internet connection, diff erent robotic voices were experienced, our school had nothing to do because it was a personal problem.

Mehmet, Sweden: There is no major problem I encountered with online classes.

Luis Q., Peru (University student): Online classes are more diffi cult since it is making you more tired.

Marjorie, Ecuador: The need for a good internet signal and more importantly there are co-students who, as they work, sometimes connect and other times not.

Samuel, Ecuador (University student): Well, I think they are grasping it along the way when they are getting trained in it, because, as we know, nobody was prepared for this but I think that little by little it has been improving.

Nayeli, Ecuador: It has been a complex process because nobody was prepared, neither the establishments, nor the families, and unbelievably, not even the students.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): Diffi cult access to network, adapting to the online course are some of the challenges we had to face. Our school has set up networking rooms for students in order to compensate for this.

Other than the challenges faced in the education during the pandemic, could you please elaborate on other challenges like fi nancial diffi culties, bad nutrition/ hunger, domestic violence, if you have to take care of small children (sibillings or cousins) or elders (grandparents), or if you lost family members with CoVid-19, etc.

Gaurisa Y., India: My relatives also were CoVID infected. But they recovered in 14 days due to good hospital facilities.

Tayebwa J., Uganda: Financial implications are general the country lost more tax than ever before between the month of March and September due to the total lockdown of transportation, businesses, schools and other taxable ventures. However, on the other hand the online businesses thrived since it became the new normal.

Mary, Kenya: Financial diffi culties have been the main challenge on my side, since I wasn’t paid for nine months.

Lakheni N., South Africa: The pandemic has exacerbated the socio-economic differences in my community.

Anonymous, Deutschland: I do not want to study. My mother and father have it done by force.

Anonymous, Turkey: We are 3 siblings and there is a computer and a phone at home, one of my siblings was left uncovered. There were also family matters. My mother and father divorced during this period but no other problem occurred.

Asya ., Turkey: There are fi nancial difficulties in our family as well as in many families, but apart from that, we do not have a problem such as violence or hunger.

Samuel, Ecuador: Well, it has been a bit more difficult to spend time with the family and take care of the little ones, because as we go out, we arrive with fear of whether we might have caught the covid virus and therefore we cannot get very close to the little ones and our grandparents.

David V., Ecuador: At the moment we have not lost anyone. We have taken the test and we came out negative by using a mask. We also have to fi nd a way to work since the situation is very diffi cult economically!

Marjorie, Ecuador: So far no one in my family has caught the covid and no one has died from it either … We take care of ourselves with homemade remedies that are very good. But yes, there are fellow students who are facing the low economy.

Luis Q., Peru: It is more diffi cult since you cannot control the young children or relatives’ noise making.

Dharly C., Peru: Take care of ourselves too much and be cautious at all times, since the elderly are vulnerable people, so we must be more careful.

Anonymous, Madagascar (3ème année student): Personally, nothing has changed, everything is fine and I am isolated from the situation outside my city, so I cannot help you.

Anonymous, Madagascar (Masters Unversity student): Personally, we nevertheless encountered a decrease in the profi tability of our activities due to the pandemic.


Wikimedia Commons: Tower Bridge and the
Shard at sunset 2013
India/New Delhi
Wikimedia Commons: India Gate in New
Delhi 03-2016
Wikimedia Commons: Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
in Hanoi front left
Wikimedia Commons: Uganda-Development
Couth Africa/Cape Town
Wikimedia Commons: UCT Upper Campus
landscape view
Kaynak: Mahmut Koyas
Wikimedia Commons: Michael Caven, Early
morning in Stockholm Old Town
Wikimedia Commons: El Cotopaxi desde Quito
Wikimedia Commons: Lima, Peru Sunset
Skyline & Cityscape
Wikimedia Commons: Rod Waddington,
Original title Antananarivo, Madagascar
Wikimedia Commons: View over Girne from
Kyrenia Castle – Girne (Kyrenia) – Turkish
Republic of North Cyprus
Wikimedia Commons: Berlin Skyline Architecture
City Germany Lights​